|Soteapan is a municipio in southeast Veracruz, east central Mexico, hugging the
slopes of the Santa Marta Volcano, within the Sierra de de Los Tuxtlas.
The name Soteapan has Nahuatl roots and probably means "where the rivers
converge or snail river".
All of the north of the municipio is integrated with the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere.
Main access is via a paved road from near Acayucan.
|Soteapan is part of the
Microregion: Sierra de Soteapan,
Distrito electoral local: XXVII Cosoleacaque,
Distrito electoral federal: XXI Cosoleacaque
The municipio borders:
North: Catemaco and Mecayapan,
South: on Acayucan, Chinameca and Soconusco,
East: to Mecayapan y Tatahuicapan,
West: to Acayucan, Catemaco y Hueyapan.
|Soteapan had a population of 28,104 as of the 2005 census, including more than 25,976 indigenous people.
The only major towns are the same named county seat with a population of 4,237, Buena Vista 3,767, and
Ocozotepec 3,170 plus another 12 communities with more than 500 inhabitants.
Population density is 53/km2, and growth is negative: 2000 (28,888), 2005 (28,104)
Illiteracy runs 45%, and on the poverty scale the municipio ranks at 141 out of 2454.
Almost two thirds of the inhabitants speak native languages, primarily Popoluca.
App. 5,900 families received 51 million pesos in 2008 of "Oportunidades" welfare funds.
77.7% of employed workers earned less than 2 minimum wages in 2005.
The 2008 municipal budget was 51.5 million pesos, 1832 pesos per inhabitant.
The municipio occupies 528 km².
93 km² are dedicated to livestock, and 1588 cattle were slaughtered in 2007.
Agriculture on 162 km² harvests mostly corn, coffee and beans.
Other economic activities include illegal logging and bird collecting.
It has a 134 km road net and as of 2007, 554 vehicles were registered, plus 3998 horses.
Central coordinates are 18° 14′ 0″ N, 94° 52′ 0″ W, and the central altitude is 420m. The highest elevation is Volcano
Santa Marta at 1750m.
Most of the NE of the county is part of the Biosphere Reserve of Los Tuxtlas.
99.6% is considered part of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas.
from 150 Pesos
|The most visited attraction is the Jem takxi waterfall near the entrance to the city of Soteapan.
The city has a hotel and several houses that offer rooms. Small restaurants are near the central market and the cascade.
A road above the city goes to the village of Santa Marta, where the wild heart of the Sierra de Santa Marta can be explored,
if the people allowed.
near Soteapan City
parking, camping, restaurant
20 pesos to park,
25 pesos to enter
|Soteapan was the scene of a major battle in the late 1400s, when the southern tribes related to the Maya defeated the
invading Aztecs near Cuilonia.
After the Spanish conquest of the area, the first mention of Soteapan occurs as a province of the city of Coatzacoalcos.
In 1836 Soteapan became the first municipality in the Sierra Santa Marta.