The Jungle
Rivers and Lakes
The Coast
The Volcanoes
draft
Geography
The coast  of San Andrés Tuxtla extends 14 miles along the Gulf of Mexico, from near Salinas to near Playa
Escondida.

bluff of Roca Partida, the beaches of Montepio and several fishing villages.  
Almost half of San Andrés Tuxtla is considered part of the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve.

demands for railroad building and construction and on to newly established communities large scale clear
cutting of forests to accommodate agriculture and cattle raising, the municipio retains perhaps only 10% of its
previous natural wealth.

Only a small remnant of forests and jungle remain, mostly concentrated on the higher slopes of Volcano San
Martin Tuxtla, and smaller patches throughout the municipio.

The heavy rainfall in LosTuxtlas, as much as 5 meters per year, allows land to regenerate extraordinarily quick.
So there is hope.
and is topped with a 3/4 mile wide crater.Volcano San Martin Tuxtla dominates the San Andrés Tuxtla skyline.
The central cone towers above 5700 feet

The volcano is also known as Titépetl (Nahuatl language for
Cerro de la Lumbre o del Fuego, (Fire mountain),
and actually showed a little bit of a snowy top in 1997. There are dozens of other named volcanic cones in the
area, such as Baxintepec, Tzompaxoltepec, Matzaltepec and Baycaltepec, and many host the remnants of the
previously extensive rain forests.
Closest access to the top of the volcano is from the village of Nacimiento de Xogapan. Through here pass
annual pilgrimages from Santiago Tuxtla to collect flowers alleged to bring luck and happiness.

The two largest historical eruptions took place in the early 1500's, 1664 and 1793. The 1793 eruption occurred
from two cinder cones in the summit crater and produced widespread ash fall and lava flows that extended 2
miles down the NE flank.  2 other disputable minor seismic events may have occurred in 1838 and as late as the
early 1900's. Fumaroles have been reported as late as the mid 20th century.
Numerous brooks cascade throughout SanAndres. Many feature waterfalls.
The famous  Eyipantla waterfall drops the Rio Grande de Catemaco by 150 feet before running downhill to meet the San Juan
River at the western end of the municipio.

Rio Tejalete criss-crosses the city of San Andres and has recently been canalized and in parts presents a pleasant river
walk.

Laguna Encantada, just north of San Andrés is the most popular lake, favored by brujos to celebrate masses in one of its
caves alleged to be connected to the top of Volcano San Martin Tuxtla. The laguna drains via the Rio Sihuapan which is
prominently visible just after leaving San Andrés towards Catemaco.

Several other lagunas, barely accessible, grace the municipio, including Laguna Escondida, Laguna Zicatal, etc.
San Andrés Tuxtla
Veracruz, Mexico