Other Reserves in Los Tuxtlas
Community Reserves
Before the advent of the tree logging,  ejidos and cattle ranching, local communities did not need to set aside protected
areas, because there was enough jungle around for all.

ultimately promote ecotourism as a sustainable development alternative. With varying success, several communities
actually have done so.
Read more about ecotourism.
2 private property owners on the edge of Laguna Catemaco in the early 1990's declared their land nature reserves  
combined with the development of tourist facilities. Nanciyaga has become a solid success, while La Jungla lingers on.
Other minor acreages sport nature reserve signs, and the land is allowed to stay fallow.
Read more about Nanciyaga.
Geographically this organization does not occupy any hectares or even an office in Los Tuxtlas,
Nevertheless  - what the University of Mexico´s
Estacion Biologica Tropical Los Tuxtlas did for worldwide knowledge
of the Volcano San Martin Tuxtla area of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas, this project has done on a smaller scale for the
Sierra Santa Marta
Driven by a handful of meagerly funded investigators they have amassed hardcore data on the plight of the region and
have provided some interesting alternatives.
Proyecto Sierra Santa Marta, A.C
.  website (now dead)
Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve
Veracruz, Mexico
Private Reserves
Proyecto Sierra Santa Marta
the Cerro Mono Blanco was added. The watershed of Laguna Catemaco was declared a federal
protected zone in 1934. In 1979 the Los Tuxtlas Tropical Biology Station began operating as a reserve.
In 1989 and 1990 the areas surrounding the major peaks of San Martin and Santa Marta were declared
federal protected zones. Two private enterprises declared themselves nature reserves in the 1990's
declared properties, except Laguna Catemaco itself.

Of the highly threatened nuclear parts of the Biosphere, only about 9,700 of 29,721 hectares are
owned by the Biosphere. The remainder is private, ejido or other property.

Since then several other "reserves" have sprung up.
Los Tuxtlas Tropical Biology Station
the objective to study forest regeneration. The Estacíon de Biologia Tropical Los Tuxtlas  (Los Tuxtlas Tropical Biology
Station) now consists of 644 hectares and is located near Balzapote, a small coastal ejido near Catemaco, Veracruz.

Since the construction of residential facilities in 1984, the station has been in the vanguard of ecological and biological
investigations of both the Tuxtlas and Mexico.
Read more about the Station.
Tropical Fauna and Wildlife Park
The Parque de Flora y Fauna Silvestre Tropical (PAFFASIT) was  purchased on behalf of the University of Veracruz.
Since 1989 it is actively operated by the University's Institute of Neuroethology.

Its 544 acres sit above the north shore of Laguna Catemaco on the slopes of Cerro Pipiapan, northeast of Nanciyaga.

The main activities of the park include: research on regional flora and fauna, conservation of Mexican primates and
teaching programs for primate studies and wildlife conservation.
Read more about the Park.
Laguna Catemaco Watershed
In 1937 the Laguna Catemaco area was decreed a Protected Zone by the Mexican Government.
Since then the area has lost most of its tree cover, and decimated its fauna and flora.

A new cycle of decrees began in 1979, resulting in additional loss of tree cover, fauna and flora.

The cycle, at present, culminated with the decreeing of the Biosfera Los Tuxtlas in 1998.
Since then, additional losses of tree cover, fauna and flora have occured.

Laguna Catemaco is not part of the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve. The Reserve borders the Laguna
about all of the northern and much of the eastern  shores of the lake, from just outside Catemaco City and
to about 2 miles before Las Margaritas.

The original 1937 decree is still in effect.

Read more about the watershed reserve in Spanish.
Mangrove Reserve

In 2000 the University of Veracruz obtained a 15 year Mexican federal concession to 375 acres of the most
threatened area.

Los Manglares (The Mangroves) are now an nature preserve managed by the University. A small mangrove replantation
project has been completed and more is planned.

In 2004 RAMSAR, International Convention on  Wetlands) added Laguna Sontecomapan to its endangered list.