Aves Raras y extinguidas de Los Tuxtlas
Estas son las aves que W.J. Schaldach Jr. clasificó como "extintas" en Los Tuxtlas y Veracruz. No son
necesariamente extintas en cualquier otro lugar.

En la columna  "Estatus", la primer mención es el estatus en Veracruz, abajo es el estatus en el resto del
mundo.
La fuente de fotos generalmente son de Wikipedia o la lista roja de la IUCN. Descripciones de incidencia son
palabras editadas de
 W.J. Schaldach Jr.

Enlaces estan en inglés (Traducción de incidencias aquí)  y la lista no esta completa.
Foto
Estatus
1 Veracruz
2 mundo
nombre
Incidencia per W.J. Schaldach Jr.
Fuentes

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Ara macao
Linnaeus 1758

Scarlet Macaw
Guacamaya Roja
Extinct in Veracruz since late 1980’s (in the Tuxtla
& Uxpanapa regions).  Extinct for many years in
northern and central Veracruz.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinguido

(vulnerable)
Ara militaris
Ridgway 1915

Military Macaw
Guacamaya Verde
Formerly resident in the western mountains of
Veracruz  – extinct in Veracruz since 1890’s!

Wikipedia
Red List

extinguido

(en peligro)
Rhynchopsitta
pachyrhyncha
Swainson 1827  

Thick-billed Parrot
Cotorra Serrana
Formerly resident in the western mountains.  
Extinct since 1890’s!

Wikipedia
Red List

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Galbula ruficauda
Galbula ruficauda melanogenia
Sclater 1853

Rufous-tailed Jacamar  
Jacamar Colirrufo
R. probably now extinct in Los Tuxtlas and near
extinction or highly endangered in the Uxpanapa
region, all due to habitat destruction.  WJS’ last
sighting in Los Tuxtlas was in 1977.  The Minn.
group neither saw nor collected it during their
work from 1973 to 1987 (pers. comm.:  Kevin
Winker)

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinguido

(vulnerable)
Electron carinatum  
DuBus 1847

Keel-billed Motmot  
Momoto Piquiaplanado
Formerly R, r in SE; now extinct?  1 specimen
record from the Rio Solosuchil 30 kms SSE of
Jesús Carranza, 12 May 1948, L & D 1951:  594 –
595.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinguido

(en peligro)
Amazona oratrix  
Ridgway 1887

Yellow-headed Parrot
Loro Cabeciamarillo
R.  Now extinct (or close to extinction) in whole
State, due to continuing cage-bird traffic and loss
of habitat.  

Wikipedia
Red List
         

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Bolborhynchus lineola
Cassin 1853

Barred Parakeet
Periquito Barrado
R, u-r in Tuxtla mountains; no recent records in
western mountains (?), 750 to 2000 m.  Now
scarce due to forest destruction.  (POF) Pine &
evergreen oak forest & CF, montane RF in Los
Tuxtlas.  Endangered

Wikipedia
Red List

en peligro

(preocupación
menor)
Pyrilia haematotis
(Pionopsitta haematotis)
Sclater and Salvin 1860

Brown-hooded Parrot
Loro Orejirrojo
R. formerly u. in Tuxtla RF; no records (WJS)
since 1998.  SL to 1000 m.  Perhaps still exists in
Uxpanapa RF (if any left).  If still exists in extreme
southeast, it must be considered endangered.

Wikipedia
Red List
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en peligro

(preocupación
menor)
Amazona farinosa
guatemalae
Sclater 1860

Mealy Parrot (Blue-crowned
Parrot)
Loro Verde
Now R, u – r, only in Los Tuxtlas and Uxpanapa
regions.  SL to 750 m.  Engangered due to habitat
loss.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

en peligro

(vulnerable)
Crax rubra
(Crax rubra rubra)
Linnaeus 1758

Great Curassow
Hoco-faisan
R, now r. formerly WS in HF, RF, now confined to
island forest patches on steepest slopes due to
constant illicit hunting and forest destruction.  
Ocurred to 1500 m. in mountains.  .. species ..
highly endangered and close to extinction in the
State.

Wikipedia  
Red List

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Sarcoramphus papa
(Linnaeus) 1758.

King Vulture.  
Zopilote
Rey, Rey Nopo
Now extinct in Veracruz State except for a small
part of the Uxpanapa region.  It was mainly a
humid tropical forest bird, eliminated by forest
destruction.

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Red List

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Ibycter americanus
Ibycter americanus
guatemalensis -(Daprtius)
Swann 1921

Red-throated Caracara  
Comecacao
Formerly r. R., now extinct in Veracruz State and
most of Central America.  (See Howell & Webb,
1995:  212.)

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Leucopteris albicollis
Leucopternis albicollis
ghiesbreghti
Dubus 1845  

White Hawk  
Aguililla Blanca
R, now rare and endangered in Tuxtlas and
Uxpanapa region due to loss of habitat = RF,
formerly often seen over S and HF, now extinct in
southern central Veracruz?

Wikipedia
Red List

extinguido

(amenazada)
Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
Tschudi 1844

Solitary Eagle
Aguila Solitaria
Contra Howell and Webb 1995:  195 – 196, there
really was a small, disjunct population of this
unmistakable species in Los Tuxtlas.  It was first
reported for Los Tuxtlas by Winker et al. 1992:
702: an immature.  WJS had a total of 18 sightings
of this species over his years of observation in
the Tuxtla region....and the last sighting was of a
single immature flying near the summit of Volcan
San Martín on 24 March 1994, seen also by Dra.
Patricia Escalante.  WJS fears that this small
population is extinct.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(amenazada)
Harpia harpyja
Linnaeus 1758

Harpy Eagle
Aguila Arpia
Extinct in 1955 in Los Tuxtlas and in
1980’s? in Uxpanapa.  Formerly SR, arriving in
March and disappearing in Sept., fide old hunters
whom WJS interviewed in the 1970’s in Los
Tuxtlas.

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extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Spizastur melanoleucus
Viellot  1816

Black-and-white Hawk-eagle
Aguila blanciegra
Formerly R, r.  WJS’ last sighting in Los Tuxtlas on
17 April, 1987.  RF.  Now extinct in Veracruz
State?  Its status needs defining in
the State.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Meleagris gallopavo
Linnaeus 1758

Wild Turkey
Guajolote Silvestre
Formerly resident in the Sierra Madre Oriental,
now extinct in the wild in the State.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Dactylortyx thoracicus
Gambel  1848

Singing quail
Codorniz Silbadora
RF, u & HF. & cloud forest in western mountains,
with an isolated population in the Tuxtla
mountains, which is now probably extinct.

Wikipedia
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Photo

extinguido

(amenazada)
Numenius borealis
Forster 1772.  

Eskimo Curlew.  
Arapito Boreal
NM – extinct since 1963 (See Sibley 2000: 14).  1
dubious specimen examined by WJS  1956,
labelled “Veracruz” in the old “Chopo” (Museo de
Historia Natural) in Mexico City, but must have
occurred on passage through our State, at least
on the coast.

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extinguido

(extinct)
Ectopistes migratorius
Ectopistes canadensis
(migratorius)
Linnaeus 1766

Passenger Pigeon  
Paloma
Viejera
Extinct since 1900,
formerly wintered in the State.

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extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Eumomota  superciliosa  
Sandbach 1837

Turquoise-browed Motmot.  
Momoto Cejiturquesa
Formerly resident at Uvero = present-day Lerdo
de Tejada on S.E. Veracruz Coast (See
Sumichrast 1881).

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Dendrocincla homochroa
Sclater 1859.

Ruddy Woodcreeper.  
Trepatrancos Rojizo
R. u – fc formerly from Playa Vicente east to the
Uxpanapa region and in Los Tuxtlas – 5 sightings:  
1 by J.C. Arvin, Mexican Birds Newsletter, Vol.I,
no. 1, 1972:  ?? at the UNAM Biological Station,
and 4 WJS sightings of birds following army ant
columns (Eciton burchellii) on the Santa Marta
massif at an elevation of ca. 700 m. (15 January,
1976); 2 other sightings in the same area on 12
Jan., 1977 and on 18 Feb., 1978, all of single
birds following army ants.  Although WJS was in
the same area on 30 more dates since 1978, he
had no further sightings.  Not recorded by Howell
& Webb, 1995: 468, range map.  Now probably
extinct.

Wikipedia
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Photo

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Automolus rubiginosus
Sclater 1857

Ruddy Foliage-gleaner
Breñero Rojizo
R, fc in western mountains – 500 – 1800 m.  HF
and humid pine and evergreen forest.  WJS had 3
sightings of this species in upper montane RF and
CF, all during the period 1976 – 1978.  These
habitats were destroyed by cattlemen in the 1980’
s and WJS fears it is now extinct in Los Tuxtlas.

Wikipedia
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Photo

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Microphias quixensis
Microrhopias quixensis
boucardi
Sclater 1868

Dot-winged Antwren.  
Hormiguerito Alimanchado
R, now u. only in S.E. = Playa Vicente to
Uxpanapa region.  WJS had sightings at 4 kms.
southwest of Suchilapa in April, 1962.  New
record – WJS had sightings of this unmistakable
species in Los Tuxtlas = 4
definite observations of this species at close
range = 6 – 12 m.  It was only in virgin RF.  WJS
fears it may be extinct here now due to habitat
loss.  SL to 750 m.

Wikipedia
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Photo

extinguido

(preocupación
menor)
Turdus infuscatus  
Lafresnaye 1844

Black Robin, Black Thrush
Zorzal Negro
R, 1200 – 3000 m., to lower elevations in
winter in western mountains.  An isolated
population was on the Tuxtla mountains, but may
now be near extinction or extinct? due to habitat
loss.  In the interior mountains it is mainly in POF
and pine-evergreen forest.  In Los Tuxtlas it was
mainly in CF (evergreen oak and sweet gum),
most of which was destroyed during the 1970’s &
1980’s.  The species was an altitudinal migrant
during “nortes” in the Tuxtlas:  lowest
record was a pair seen at the UNAM’s Biological
Station at 150 m. above SL, on 12 Jan. 1985
(WJS).

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