These are birds that W.J Schaldach Jr.  thought of as "extinct" in Los Tuxtlas and Veracruz. They are not
necessarily extinct anywhere else. In the "Status in Veracruz" column, the parenthesis enclosed comment
is the current worldwide assessment.

I used Wikipedia, where available, as the primary source for information, followed by the IUCN Red List. If no
specific photo is linked, then the photo is from Wikipedia.

Abbreviations are ornithological conventions to force birders to learn a new language.
R = resident, r = rare, etc.

This is a draft page, to be worked on next time I am house bound. Meanwhile, many links dropped dead.
Photo
Status
in Veracruz
then world
Name
Occurrence per W.J. Schaldach Jr.
Photo
Source &
Article

extinct

(least concern)
Ara macao
Linnaeus 1758

Scarlet Macaw
Guacamaya Roja
Extinct in Veracruz since late 1980’s
(in the Tuxtla & Uxpanapa regions).  
Extinct for many years in northern
and central Veracruz.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(vulnerable)
Ara militaris
Ridgway 1915

Military Macaw
Guacamaya Verde
Formerly resident in the western
mountains of Veracruz  – extinct in
Veracruz since 1890’s!

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(endangered)
Rhynchopsitta
pachyrhyncha
Swainson 1827  

Thick-billed Parrot
Cotorra Serrana
Formerly resident in the western
mountains.  Extinct since 1890’s!

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(least concern)
Galbula ruficauda
Galbula ruficauda melanogenia
Sclater 1853

Rufous-tailed Jacamar  
Jacamar Colirrufo
R. probably now extinct in Los
Tuxtlas and near extinction or highly
endangered in the Uxpanapa region,
all due to habitat destruction.  WJS’
last sighting in Los Tuxtlas was in
1977.  The Minn. group neither saw
nor collected it during their work from
1973 to 1987 (pers. comm.:  Kevin
Winker)

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(vulnerable)
Electron carinatum  
DuBus 1847

Keel-billed Motmot  
Momoto Piquiaplanado
Formerly R, r in SE; now extinct?  1
specimen record from the Rio
Solosuchil 30 kms SSE of Jesús
Carranza, 12 May 1948, L & D 1951:  
594 – 595.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(endangered)
Amazona oratrix  
Ridgway 1887

Yellow-headed Parrot
Loro Cabeciamarillo
R.  Now extinct (or close to
extinction) in whole State, due to
continuing cage-bird traffic and loss
of habitat.  

Wikipedia
Red List
         

endangered

(least concern)
Bolborhynchus lineola
Cassin 1853

Barred Parakeet
Periquito Barrado
R, u-r in Tuxtla mountains; no recent
records in western mountains (?),
750 to 2000 m.  Now scarce due to
forest destruction.  (POF) Pine &
evergreen oak forest & CF, montane
RF in Los Tuxtlas.  Endangered

Wikipedia
Red List

endangered

(least concern)
Pyrilia haematotis
(Pionopsitta haematotis)
Sclater and Salvin 1860

Brown-hooded Parrot
Loro Orejirrojo
R. formerly u. in Tuxtla RF; no records
(WJS) since 1998.  SL to 1000 m.  
Perhaps still exists in Uxpanapa RF (if
any left).  If still exists in extreme
southeast, it must be considered
endangered.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

endangered

(least concern)
Amazona farinosa
guatemalae
Sclater 1860

Mealy Parrot (Blue-crowned
Parrot)
Loro Verde
Now R, u – r, only in Los Tuxtlas and
Uxpanapa regions.  SL to 750 m.  
Engangered due to habitat loss.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

rare

(vulnerable)
Crax rubra
(Crax rubra rubra)
Linnaeus 1758

Great Curassow
Hoco-faisan
R, now r. formerly WS in HF, RF, now
confined to island forest patches on
steepest slopes due to constant illicit
hunting and forest destruction.  
Ocurred to 1500 m. in mountains.  ..
species .. highly endangered and
close to extinction in the State.

Wikipedia  
Red List

extinct

(least concern)
Sarcoramphus papa
(Linnaeus) 1758.

King Vulture.  
Zopilote
Rey, Rey Nopo
Now extinct in Veracruz State except
for a small part of the Uxpanapa
region.  It was mainly a humid tropical
forest bird, eliminated by forest
destruction.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(least concern)
Ibycter americanus
Ibycter americanus
guatemalensis -(Daprtius)
Swann 1921

Red-throated Caracara  
Comecacao
Formerly r. R., now extinct in
Veracruz State and most of Central
America.  (See Howell & Webb,
1995:  212.)

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(least concern)
Leucopteris albicollis
Leucopternis albicollis
ghiesbreghti
Dubus 1845  

White Hawk  
Aguililla Blanca
R, now rare and endangered in
Tuxtlas and Uxpanapa region due to
loss of habitat = RF, formerly often
seen over S and HF, now extinct in
southern central Veracruz?

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(near
threatened)
Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
Tschudi 1844

Solitary Eagle
Aguila Solitaria
Contra Howell and Webb 1995:  195 –
196, there really was a small, disjunct
population of this unmistakable
species in Los Tuxtlas.  It was first
reported for Los Tuxtlas by Winker et
al. 1992: 702: an immature.  WJS had
a total of 18 sightings of this species
over his years of observation in the
Tuxtla region....and the last sighting
was of a single immature flying near
the summit of Volcan San Martín on
24 March 1994, seen also by Dra.
Patricia Escalante.  WJS fears that
this small population is extinct.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(near threatened)
Harpia harpyja
Linnaeus 1758

Harpy Eagle
Aguila Arpia
Extinct in 1955 in Los Tuxtlas and in
1980’s? in Uxpanapa.  Formerly SR,
arriving in March and disappearing in
Sept., fide old hunters whom WJS
interviewed in the 1970’s in Los
Tuxtlas.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(least concern)
Spizastur melanoleucus
Viellot  1816

Black-and-white Hawk-eagle
Aguila blanciegra
Formerly R, r.  WJS’ last sighting in
Los Tuxtlas on 17 April, 1987.  RF.  
Now extinct in Veracruz State?  Its
status needs defining in
the State.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(least concern)
Meleagris gallopavo
Linnaeus 1758

Wild Turkey
Guajolote Silvestre
Formerly resident in the Sierra Madre
Oriental, now extinct in the wild in the
State.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(least concern)
Dactylortyx thoracicus
Gambel  1848

Singing quail
Codorniz Silbadora
RF, u & HF. & cloud forest in western
mountains, with an isolated population
in the Tuxtla mountains, which is now
probably extinct.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(critically
endangered)
Numenius borealis
Forster 1772.  

Eskimo Curlew.  
Arapito Boreal
NM – extinct since 1963 (See Sibley
2000: 14).  1 dubious specimen
examined by WJS  1956, labelled
“Veracruz” in the old “Chopo” (Museo
de Historia Natural) in Mexico City, but
must have occurred on passage
through our State, at least on the
coast.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(extinct)
Ectopistes migratorius
Ectopistes canadensis
(migratorius)
Linnaeus 1766

Passenger Pigeon  
Paloma
Viejera
Extinct since 1900,
formerly wintered in the State.

Wikipedia
Red List

extinct

(least concern)
Eumomota  superciliosa  
Sandbach 1837

Turquoise-browed Motmot.  
Momoto Cejiturquesa
Formerly resident at Uvero =
present-day Lerdo de Tejada on S.E.
Veracruz Coast (See
Sumichrast 1881).

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(least concern)
Dendrocincla homochroa
Sclater 1859.

Ruddy Woodcreeper.  
Trepatrancos Rojizo
R. u – fc formerly from Playa Vicente
east to the Uxpanapa region and in
Los Tuxtlas – 5 sightings:  1 by J.C.
Arvin, Mexican Birds Newsletter, Vol.
I, no. 1, 1972:  ?? at the UNAM
Biological Station, and 4 WJS
sightings of birds following army ant
columns (Eciton burchellii) on the
Santa Marta massif at an elevation of
ca. 700 m. (15 January, 1976); 2
other sightings in the same area on 12
Jan., 1977 and on 18 Feb., 1978, all of
single
birds following army ants.  Although
WJS was in the same area on 30
more dates since 1978, he had no
further sightings.  Not recorded by
Howell & Webb, 1995: 468, range
map.  Now probably extinct.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(least concern)
Automolus rubiginosus
Sclater 1857

Ruddy Foliage-gleaner
Breñero Rojizo
R, fc in western mountains – 500 –
1800 m.  HF and humid pine and
evergreen forest.  WJS had 3
sightings of this species in upper
montane RF and CF, all during the
period 1976 – 1978.  These habitats
were destroyed by cattlemen in the
1980’s and WJS fears it is now
extinct in Los Tuxtlas.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(least concern)
Microphias quixensis
Microrhopias quixensis
boucardi
Sclater 1868

Dot-winged Antwren.  
Hormiguerito Alimanchado
R, now u. only in S.E. = Playa Vicente
to Uxpanapa region.  WJS had
sightings at 4 kms. southwest of
Suchilapa in April, 1962.  New record
– WJS had sightings of this
unmistakable species in Los Tuxtlas =
4
definite observations of this species
at close range = 6 – 12 m.  It was only
in virgin RF.  WJS fears it may be
extinct here now due to habitat loss.  
SL to 750 m.

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo

extinct

(least concern)
Turdus infuscatus  
Lafresnaye 1844

Black Robin, Black Thrush
Zorzal Negro
R, 1200 – 3000 m., to lower
elevations in
winter in western mountains.  An
isolated population was on the Tuxtla
mountains, but may now be near
extinction or extinct? due to habitat
loss.  In the interior mountains it is
mainly in POF and pine-evergreen
forest.  In Los Tuxtlas it was mainly in
CF (evergreen oak and sweet gum),
most of which was destroyed during
the 1970’s & 1980’s.  The species
was an altitudinal migrant during
“nortes” in the Tuxtlas:  lowest

record was a pair seen at the UNAM’
s Biological Station at 150 m. above
SL, on 12 Jan. 1985 (WJS).

Wikipedia
Red List
Photo
         
Extinct & Rare Bird Species of Los Tuxtlas